July 27 (UPI) — A second bone-density test would not enhance physicians’ skill to find out the chance for osteoporosis-related hip, backbone, forearm and shoulder fractures in postmenopausal women, a study printed Monday by JAMA Inside Medication discovered.

The primary test was extra predictive of fracture threat than a second test, suggesting the latter could also be pointless, the researchers mentioned.

“Repeated bone mineral density testing three years after a baseline bone density test shouldn’t be routinely carried out in post-menopausal women not taking osteoporosis medicine,” study co-author Dr. Carolyn Crandall advised UPI.

“Assets ought to go towards enhancing the under-use of bone density testing amongst women aged 65 to 85 years, one-quarter of whom don’t obtain an preliminary bone density test,” mentioned Crandall, an inner drugs specialist at UCLA Well being.

A bone density test is the one test that may diagnose osteoporosis earlier than a bone fracture happens, in keeping with the Nationwide Osteoporosis Basis.

The inspiration recommends bone density assessments for all women age 65 and older, in addition to women of menopausal age and post-menopausal girl underneath 65 with threat components for osteoporosis, together with a household historical past of the situation.

Folks handled with pharmaceuticals for osteoporosis ought to bear bone density testing each one to 2 years, in keeping with the muse. These at decrease threat for the situation, nonetheless, can wait 5 years or extra to repeat the process, based mostly on present tips.

Physicians routinely carry out bone density assessments in post-menopausal sufferers roughly three years after the primary to gauge any loss in bone mass and assess sufferers’ bone fracture threat in subsequent years, in keeping with Crandall and her colleagues.

For this study, the researchers used information collected from greater than 7,000 post-menopausal women 50 to 79 years previous from throughout the US who had been adopted for 9 years as a part of the Women’s Well being Initiative.

Study members underwent bone mineral density measurements initially of the study and once more about three years later, the researchers mentioned. After the second test, members reported whether or not they skilled main osteoporosis-related fractures.

Slightly below 10% of the study members had an osteoporosis-related fracture over the course of the study, in keeping with the researchers.

And any change in bone density between the primary and subsequent assessments was no more practical at figuring out women in danger for fractures than the findings on the primary test alone, they mentioned.

“Our study targeted on the commonest state of affairs, the place women who’re postmenopausal obtain a repeat bone density test three years after an preliminary bone density test,” Crandall mentioned.

“Women who’re at notably excessive threat for fracture as a consequence of medicine or illnesses which are dangerous to bone — for instance, chemotherapy or prednisone — are in a particular state of affairs that was not the main focus of our study and advantage nearer follow-up of their bone well being,” she mentioned.

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