Nearly half of the U.S. population — 150 million individuals — are uncovered to air air pollution that places their well being in danger, the American Lung Affiliation says.

Local weather change is making air air pollution worse because of file ranges of particle air pollution and better ozone air pollution — smog — brought on by wildfires. Air air pollution poses a risk to everybody, particularly kids, older adults and folks with lung illness.

The results of air air pollution on lung well being are of elevated concern because of the coronavirus pandemic.

The affiliation’s annual State of the Air report analyzed information from 2016, 2017 and 2018, which had been amongst the 5 hottest years recorded in international historical past.

“The report finds the air high quality in some communities has improved, however [it] finds that far too many individuals are nonetheless respiration unhealthy air,” American Lung Affiliation president and CEO Harold Wimmer stated in a information launch from the group.

“This 12 months’s report exhibits that local weather change continues to degrade air high quality and improve the danger of air air pollution harming well being,” Wimmer stated.

“To guard the advances in air high quality we fought for 50 years in the past by way of the Clear Air Act, we should once more act at present, implementing efficient insurance policies to guard our air high quality and lung well being towards the risk of local weather change,” Wimmer stated.

“Air air pollution is linked to larger danger of lung an infection. Defending everybody from COVID-19 and different lung infections is an pressing reminder of the significance of fresh air,” Wimmer stated.

Greater than 20.eight million individuals lived in U.S. counties that had unhealthy ranges of air air pollution in all classes from 2016 to 2018, in response to the report.

The report had two grades for particle air pollution: one for short-term particle air pollution, or every day spikes, and one for the common annual ranges. Particle air pollution comes from wildfires, wood-burning stoves, coal-fired energy vegetation, diesel engines and different sources, and may trigger bronchial asthma assaults, coronary heart assaults and strokes, and trigger lung most cancers.

The highest 10 U.S. cities with the highest short-term particle air pollution had been: Fresno-Madera-Hanford, California; Bakersfield, California; San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, California; Fairbanks, Alaska; Yakima, Washington; Los Angeles-Lengthy Seashore, California; Missoula, Montana; Redding-Purple Bluff, California; Salt Lake Metropolis-Provo-Orem, Utah; Phoenix-Mesa, Arizona.

Greater than 21.2 million individuals lived in counties with unhealthy ranges of year-round particle air pollution. The highest 10 U.S. cities with the highest year-round particle air pollution had been: Bakersfield, California; Fresno-Madera-Hanford, California; Visalia, California; Los Angeles-Lengthy Seashore, California; San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, California; Fairbanks, Alaska; Phoenix-Mesa, Arizona; El Centro, California; Pittsburgh-New Citadel-Weirton, PA-OH-WV; Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Smog may cause shortness of breath, coughing and bronchial asthma assaults, and should shorten life. Hotter temperatures pushed by local weather change make smog extra prone to kind and tougher to wash up.

The variety of individuals uncovered to smog was considerably larger in the 2020 report than in the earlier three studies. Greater than 137 million individuals lived in a county with a failing grade for smog, in response to the new report.

The highest 10 cities with the highest ranges of smog had been: Los Angeles-Lengthy Seashore, California; Visalia, California; Bakersfield, California; Fresno-Madera-Hanford, California; Sacramento-Roseville, California; San Diego-Chula Vista-Carlsbad, California; Phoenix-Mesa, Arizona; San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, California; Las Vegas-Henderson, Nevada; Denver-Aurora, Colorado.

“The science is evident: the nation wants stronger limits on ozone and particle air pollution to safeguard well being, particularly for youngsters and folks with lung illness,” Wimmer stated.

Extra data

The World Well being Group has extra on air air pollution and well being.

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