Capital: Tehran

Ethnic Teams: Persian, Azeri, Kurd, Lur, Baloch, Arab, Turkmen and Turkic tribes
Faith: Muslim (official) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), different (consists of Zoroastrian, Jewish and Christian) 0.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2011 est.)

GDP (buying energy parity): $1.64 trillion (2017 est.)

GDP per capita: $20,100 (2017 est.)

Unemployment: 11.8% (2017 est.)

Different Facts

Earlier than the 1930s, Iran was referred to as Persia to outsiders.

Iran and the US haven’t had diplomatic relations since 1980.


1921 – Officer Reza Khan levels a coup and takes management of the army.

1925 – Khan has himself topped Reza Shah Pahlavi.

1939 – Throughout World Warfare II, Reza Shah aligns Iran with Nazi Germany.

1941 – Allied forces invade Iran and drive Reza Shah to abdicate in favor of his 21-year-old son, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi.

1951 – Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeq orchestrates passage of a invoice in Iran’s parliament which nationalizes British oil fields in Iran.

1953 – The Shah is pressured to abdicate by the supporters of Mosaddeq. Nonetheless, inside days, Nice Britain and the US again a coup that returns the Shah to energy.

1963 – The Shah forces cleric Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a critic of his modernization plans, into exile.

October 1971 – The Shah hosts an elaborate get together, costing tens of hundreds of thousands of {dollars}, to have fun the two,500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.

January 16, 1979 – After months of riots, protests and unrest, the Shah leaves Iran for what’s described as a trip, however is mostly understood to be everlasting exile.

February 1, 1979 – Khomeini returns to Iran from exile in France. After his supporters overthrow the federal government of Premier Shahpur Bakhtiar, Khomeini turns into the Supreme Chief of Iran.

April 1, 1979 – The nation is renamed the Islamic Republic of Iran.

October 22, 1979 – The Shah arrives in the US for therapy of lymphatic most cancers.

November 4, 1979 – Iranian revolutionaries seize management of the US embassy in Tehran and take 66 embassy employees hostage. They demand the extradition of the Shah from the US in trade for the hostages. 13 of the hostages are launched inside two weeks, and one is launched later for medical causes. The opposite 52 spend a complete of 444 days in captivity.
April 1980 – An try by US airborne forces to rescue the hostages fails, killing eight service members.
July 27, 1980 – The Shah dies in Cairo, Egypt.

September 22, 1980 – Iraq invades Iran, beginning an eight-year conflict. A whole bunch of hundreds of individuals are killed on each side. The conflict ends in 1988 in a ceasefire, with no clear victor. A proper peace settlement is signed in August 1990.

January 20, 1981 – The remaining 52 US hostages are launched.

January 1984 – The US designates Iran as a State Sponsor of Terrorism (SST).

June 3, 1989 – Khomeini dies.

June 1989 – Seyyed Ali Khamenei turns into Supreme Chief of Iran.

July 28, 1989 – Hashemi Rafsanjani is elected president of Iran.

Could 1997 – Mohammad Khatami, a reformist, is elected to the workplace of president.

June 2001 – Khatami is re-elected as president of Iran.

November 2003 – The Worldwide Atomic Vitality Company studies that Iran has been secretly manufacturing small quantities of uranium and plutonium for twenty years.
June 2005 – Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, mayor of Tehran, is elected president of Iran.
June 12, 2009 – In a extremely controversial election, Ahmadinejad wins re-election with 62.63% of the vote, based on Iranian authorities sources. His nearest rival, Mir Hossein Moussavi, receives 33.75% of the vote.
June 2009 – Demonstrations happen in Tehran, protesting the result of the election. Dozens of individuals are reported killed.
June 30, 2009 – Regardless of widespread unrest the re-election of Ahmadinejad is formally licensed by the Council of Guardians.
August 5, 2009 – Ahmadinejad is sworn in for a second time period.
February 13, 2011 – In response to the anti-government protests spreading all through the Arab world, demonstrations escape in main Iranian cities and are met with reportedly brutal drive by safety officers.

February 22, 2011 – Two Iranian warships go by way of the Suez Canal, the primary such ships to sail by way of the canal because the 1979 revolution.

November 29, 2011 – A whole bunch of Iranian protesters storm Nice Britain’s embassy and a separate diplomatic compound in Tehran. The subsequent day, Nice Britain evacuates all embassy employees in Iran and orders that Iran instantly shut its embassy in London.

December 1, 2011 – European Union overseas ministers comply with impose sanctions on Iranian corporations and people in response to protesters storming the British Embassy in Tehran. Italy withdraws its ambassador.
December 1, 2011 – The US Senate passes financial sanctions towards Iran.

January 23, 2012 – The European Union proclaims it’s going to ban the import of Iranian crude oil and petroleum merchandise.

February 19, 2012 – Iran’s oil ministry says that it has suspended crude exports to British and French firms, days after Iran threatened to chop oil exports to some European Union nations in retaliation for sanctions.

March 30, 2012 – US President Barack Obama proclaims that the US will implement beforehand introduced sanctions that might considerably minimize gross sales of Iranian oil.

July 1, 2012 – The EU embargo on Iranian oil takes impact.

October 3, 2012 – Demonstrators in Tehran start protesting Ahmadinejad, blaming him for the quickly falling worth of Iran’s foreign money.
June 14, 2013 – Hassan Rouhani wins the presidential election after securing 50.7% of the 36.7 million votes forged. Ahmadinejad was not eligible to run, attributable to time period limits. Rouhani is sworn in August 4.
September 27, 2013 – Rouhani and Obama converse by cellphone, the primary direct dialog between leaders of Iran and the US since 1979.
November 24, 2013 – Six world powers and Iran attain a six-month settlement over Iran’s nuclear program. The deal calls on Iran to restrict its nuclear actions in return for lighter sanctions.
November 24, 2014 – The deadline for a ultimate nuclear settlement between Iran and the UN Safety Council’s P5+1 nations (the US, Russia, China, France, Britain and Germany) has been set for July 1, 2015.
April 2, 2015 – Negotiators from Iran, the US, China, Germany, France, Britain and Russia attain a framework for an settlement on Iran’s nuclear capabilities, which incorporates lowering its stockpile of low-enriched uranium by 98%.
April 9, 2015 – Rouhani proclaims that Iran will solely signal a ultimate nuclear settlement if financial sanctions are lifted on the primary day of implementation.
July 14, 2015 – The US and its 5 companions attain a nuclear cope with Iran, referred to as the Joint Complete Plan of Motion, throughout a ultimate assembly in Vienna.
January 4, 2016 – Two days after the execution of a outstanding Shiite cleric in Saudi Arabia and an assault on the Saudi Embassy in Tehran, Saudi Arabia severs diplomatic ties with Iran. United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan additionally sever or downgrade diplomatic ties with Iran.
January 12, 2016 – US sailors are captured by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard after their ship enters Iranian waters. They’re launched a day later. One of many sailors is proven apologizing in an interview on Iranian tv.
January 17, 2016 – Iran releases 4 Individuals in a prisoner swap, together with Washington Submit journalist Jason Rezaian, Marine veteran Amir Hekmati and Christian pastor Saeed Abedini. American scholar Matthew Trevithick can be launched.
August 3, 2016 – US officers verify that the Obama administration secretly organized a airplane supply of $400 million in money on the identical day Iran launched 4 American prisoners and formally applied the nuclear deal. The $400 million was Iran’s cash, positioned right into a US-based belief fund to assist American army gear purchases within the 1970s. When the Shah was ousted by a 1979 standard rebellion that led to the creation of the Islamic Republic, the US froze the belief fund. US officers mentioned money needed to be flown in as a result of present US sanctions ban American {dollars} from being utilized in a transaction with Iran and since Iran couldn’t entry the worldwide monetary system attributable to worldwide sanctions it was below on the time.
January 8, 2017 – Rafsanjani dies after struggling a coronary heart assault, Iranian state-run media says.
January 27, 2017 – US President Donald Trump bans nationals from Iran and 6 different Muslim-majority nations from coming into the US for not less than the subsequent 90 days by govt order.
February 3, 2017 – The US enacts new sanctions on Iran. The strikes come as punishment for the nation’s current check launch of a ballistic missile.
August 5, 2017 – Rouhani is sworn in for a second time period.
Could 8, 2018 – Trump proclaims he’s pulling out of the nuclear cope with Iran, including he’ll provoke new sanctions. “Any nation that helps Iran in its quest for nuclear weapons may be strongly sanctioned by the US,” Trump says.
September 22, 2018 – At the very least 29 individuals are killed throughout an assault on a army parade within the southwestern metropolis of Ahvaz. The separatist group Patriotic Arab Democratic Motion in Ahwaz claims duty for the assault, based on the state-run Islamic Republic Information Company. The separatist group says that the state media report is fake, and it had no function within the assault.
September 23, 2018 – Iran’s Revolutionary Guard accuses Saudi Arabia of supporting the attackers whereas Rouhani says US-supported overseas mercenaries had been the culprits. ISIS circulates a video claiming that a number of of the assailants had been affiliated with the fear group. Though there may be uncertainty about who carried out the assault, the Revolutionary Guard pledges to trace down these accountable, Iranian state media studies.
November 5, 2018 – The US formally reimposes all sanctions lifted below 2015 Iran nuclear deal. Rouhani vowed to proceed oil exports, saying Iran will “proudly break the unjust sanctions.”
April 6, 2019 – State-run IRNA studies that 70 folks have died attributable to flooding after file rainfalls started saturating elements of the nation in March, quoting the top of Iran’s Coroner’s Workplace, Ahmad Shojaei.
April 8, 2019 – Trump proclaims the US will formally designate Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps as a Overseas Terrorist Group, a transfer some within the administration had opposed over considerations about potential dangers to US troops within the Center East.
June 2019 – In accordance with US officers, the US launches two cyber assaults on Iran. One assault was a retaliatory cyberstrike towards an Iranian spy group. The opposite assault was on an Iranian proxy group with forces in Iraq, Syria and inside Iran within the days after Iran shot down a US drone.
June 20, 2019 – Iran shoots down a United States army drone. Iran’s Revolutionary Guard claims that the drone was shot down after it entered the nation’s territory, whereas the US claims the drone was shot down in worldwide airspace.
June 24, 2019 – Trump proclaims new sanctions towards Iran partially to retaliate after the downing of a US drone final week, with the punitive measures set to focus on Iran’s Supreme Chief, army officers and its high diplomat, Overseas Minister Javad Zarif.
July 1, 2019 – Zarif proclaims that Iran’s stockpiles of enriched low-grade uranium have exceeded the 300-kilogram restrict set in a landmark 2015 nuclear deal.
January 3, 2020 – Iranian commander Qasem Soleimani is killed in a US drone strike at Baghdad Worldwide Airport.
January 8, 2020 – Iran fires retaliatory missiles towards Iraqi bases housing US troops in response to the American strike that killed Soleimani.
January 7, 2020 – Iran’s parliament votes unanimously for a movement declaring all US forces as “terrorists.”
January 11, 2020 – Iran’s state media studies a Ukrainian airplane that crashed close to Tehran on January eighth, killing 176 folks, was unintentionally shot down attributable to human error, based on the final employees of Iran’s armed forces.

January 13, 2020 – Rouhani indicators a invoice deeming the Pentagon and “all its subsidiaries” terrorist organizations.

November 27, 2020 – In accordance with Iran’s semi-official information company, ISNA, Iran’s high nuclear scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh is killed in an obvious assassination.